For quality assessments in reliability and industrial engineering, it is often necessary to predict the number of future events (e.g., system or component failures). Examples include the prediction of warranty returns and the prediction of future product failures that could lead to serious property damages and/or human casualties. Business decisions such as a product recall are based on such predictions.
Have you ever had to retake a photograph on your phone but the sun was shining way too
brightly in the background, causing the subject to appear with a halo? Maybe your arm just
wasn’t within reach and those 10 family members just couldn’t fit inside the frame, leaving
someone just ever so slightly on the outskirts?