As a digital detective, your mission is to decipher the preferences of your website visitors. Your primary tool? A/B testing – a method used in online controlled experiments where two versions of a webpage (version A and version B) are presented to different subsets of users under the same conditions. It’s akin to a magnifying glass, enabling you to scrutinize the minute details of user interactions across two versions of a webpage to discern their preferences. However, this case isn’t as straightforward as it seems. A recent article by Nicholas Larsen et al. in The American Statistician reveals the hidden challenges of A/B testing that can affect the results of online experiments. If these challenges aren’t tackled correctly, they can lead to misleading conclusions, affecting decisions in both online businesses and academic research.